Are There Universal Facial Expressions? - Paul Ekman Group
Body language refers to the nonverbal signals that we use to communicate. According to experts, these nonverbal signals make up a huge part of daily communication. It has been suggested that body language may account for between 60 percent to 65 percent of all communication. In many cases, you should look at signals as a group rather than focusing on a single action. Think for a moment about how much a person is able to convey with just a facial expression.
The 17 facial expressions that express happiness around the world
Human beings can configure their faces in thousands and thousands of ways to convey emotion, but only 35 expressions actually get the job done across cultures, a new study has found. And while our faces can convey a multitude of emotions -- from anger to sadness to riotous joy -- the number of ways our faces can convey different emotions varies. Disgust, for example, needs just one facial expression to get its point across throughout the world.
The most notable research into the topic came from psychologist Paul Ekman, who pioneered research into emotion recognition in the s. His team of researchers provided their test subjects with photos of faces showing different emotional expressions. The test subjects then had to define the emotional states they saw in each photo, based on a predetermined list of possible emotions they had seen prior. Through these studies, Ekman found a high agreement across members of Western and Eastern cultures when it came to selecting emotional labels that corresponded with facial expressions.