Heroin, morphine, and other opiates trace their origins to a single plant—the opium poppy. Cultivation of the plant dates back to the earliest years of human civilization, and opium use was well known in ancient Mesopotamia. The narcotic drug has been used both recreationally and as a medicine for centuries. Opium derivatives, including morphine, became widely used pain relievers, particularly in the s. Heroin, too, was first synthesized for medical use before physicians realized its potent addictive properties. Opium comes from the milky sap of a flower called the opium poppy.
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Opium Poppy: History
They are just one of the various types of poppies , a group of plants known for its contributions in the areas of crafts, medicine, food, and landscaping. The blossom petals usually sport a dark blotch at their base. The large buds nod down at first, but they raise their heads as the flowers unfurl. The leaves are tightly packed. This is a clump-forming plant. Flower stems are stiff and hairy, making Oriental poppy a good cut flower.
Massive Poppy Bust: Why Home-Grown Opium Is Rare
A North Carolina man was arrested last month when police discovered an acre of opium poppies growing in his yard. The alleged grower , Cody Xiong, faces a rare charge in the United States. Despite a raging opioid epidemic in the country, fields of home-grown opium are rare. The sheriff in the North Carolina case said the discovery was only the second time the plant had been found growing in the United States this year, WBTV reported. There are two big reasons for this lack of agricultural entrepreneurship: effective U.
ISLAMABAD - A new United Nations survey says the total area under opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has increased by 10 percent, from , to , hectares, compared to the previous year, leading to a significant rise in the production of illicit opium. The report by the U. The illicit economy is fueling insecurity, violence and insurgency among other problems to discourage private and public investment in Afghanistan, the UNODC reiterated.